Sometimes going through labour and bringing forth a newborn can be a terrifying moment for both parents, but this should not be so. Try not to be panic when you see your nurse putting on their aprons and gloves. It’s simply keeps everything sterile and ensures you and your baby are free from infections which is perfectly safe. These instruments may look scary, but there’s no need to be afraid because they are there to help you.
Preparing for labor and delivery mentally is very common, but keep in mind you can’t control what happens the day your baby decides to come. Don't be anxious about it and trust that your health attendants knows what he or she is about.
This is normally used when there is a tear or an episiotomy has been given. They are used to stitch torn tissues together. If you notice a suture lying down, know that it is the most important tool in the labour room. You may be more familiar with the word “stitches” when referring to sutures. However, stitching is the act of using sutures to close a wound.
Although it sounds painful, you shouldn’t feel it. If you didn’t opt for an epidural, the midwife will use a local anesthetic like lidocaine to numb the area where they’ll be stitching.
Forceps function much like tongs, but can be used to shift the baby’s position or help to guide the head. If your baby is becoming distressed, forceps can assist in the birth of baby.
Forceps that are used during a birth are curved to cradle your baby’s head and have been used to help in guiding babies through the vagina. They are generally recommended when you’ve been pushing for an extended length of time and your baby needs help to get through the last part of your birth canal.
They are kept around in case you need an episiotomy to avoid unnecessary tears. Luckily, the need for episiotomies has drastically decreased, so the majority of women don’t need one.
Another type of scissors will be found with your midwife. This one is shaped differently, with more curves to the blades and its known as the cord scissors and it's use for cutting the umbilical cord. Your midwife will place a clamp on one side of the cord while holding the artery forceps to clamp the other side. The cut will be made in between the two clamps, and will leave your little one with a belly button once the residual cord falls off.
The speculum is typically used during the beginning of your labor to gauge your progress. It’s a hinged instrument that is closed upon insertion and then opened so your doctor can see further into your vagina. Your midwife will occasionally check your cevix and dilitation using the speculum. Throughout pregnancy, speculums can be used to check the cervix for cervical cancers or any other issues you may be having.
5. Gauze pad.
It may seem scary that your midwife keeps these on hand. They are used to control bleeding, but don’t be scared of pads instead, be rest assured that your midwife is prepared in case something goes wrong. They are able to absorb more liquids, making them ideal for delivery.
It is often used in case you have excessive amount of bleeding, which is actually common throughout the delivery. To keep bleeding under control, the midwife will apply pressure with this extremely absorbent pad.
This is shaped similarly to a amniotic hook, but isn’t used for anything that involves yarn. This forceps is used to rupture your membranes during the beginning of labour when it doesn’t happen naturally. This is referred to as “breaking your fore water.”
As you probably know, your baby is surrounded by an amniotic sac. This is where your fetus grows and develops. Sometimes, near the end of pregnancy and closer to labour, the amniotic sac may rupture on its own.
Your midwife may have to rupture your memebranes in the hospital while you are laboring. The sac needs to break in order for your baby to come out, This procedure is actually extremely common. Your midwife will simply insert it in order to puncture your amniotic sac, and release the fluid.
If you’re having a difficult time laboring or pushing your baby out, your doctor may use a vacuum. This apparatus is similar to forceps, as it helps extract the baby’s head through your vagina. The suction on the vacuum sticks to the baby’s crowning head, but you’ll still need to push gently. Devices like the vacuum and forceps simply assist in your delivery. They are there to assist you in pushing your baby out, but they aren’t able to actually remove the baby from the birthing canal by themselves.
8. Artery forceps.
Its looks like a scissors, but the edges aren't sharp. They don’t have blades as scissors do. They are used for different things, they are multipurpose kind of forceps but most importantly, it holds the umbilical cord before its cut.
It may also be used to help your midwife in holding sutures or for clamping to contain blood. The ends of the hemostat are slightly curved upwards to ensure the doctor gets a good grasp on the blood vessels, sutures, tissues, or the umbilical cord.
There are other instruments that you may see at the delivery ward.
Lastly, the room may have a few buckets of water to keep everything clean throughout your delivery process. Although it’s a messy process, the hospital staff will keep it so clean, you won’t even notice.
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