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The state of Ghana in maternal mortality reduction.

Dnartgh
By Dnartgh | self meida writer
Published 9 days ago - 11 views

Signal functions for emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmONC) are the major interventions for averting maternal and neonatal mortalities. Readiness of the facilities is essential to provide all the basic and comprehensive signal functions for EmONC to ensure emergency services from the designated facilities for that matter looking at the current trends below to years downward one can conclude that there is a form of improvement,

The current infant mortality rate for Ghana in 2021 is 32.735 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.87% decline from 2020 and the infant mortality rate for Ghana in 2020 was 33.701 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.79% decline from 2019 which infant mortality rate for Ghana in 2019 was 34.668 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.71% decline from 2018 as the infant mortality rate for Ghana in 2018 was 35.634 deaths per 1000 live births, a 4.91% decline from 2017.

Taking into account all the efforts that are to improve delivery by skilled birth attendants and improving the availability, timely utilization and quality of emergency obstetric services, of comprehensive emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) services, one could say there is gradual reduction in maternal mortality rate. Such as

Caesarean section

Induction or acceleration of labor

Blood transfusion and

The Basic ones such as

Administer parenteral antibiotics

Administer uterotonic drugs (i.e. Oxytocin; Ergometrine; Misoprostol)

Administer parenteral anticonvulsants for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) is the drug of choice during pregnancy

Perform assisted vaginal delivery (Vacuum, forceps, breech etc.)

Manual removal of placenta

Removal of retained products of conception (MVA, E&C)

Perform basic neonatal resuscitation and also

 Set up intra-venous fluids;

Use of partograph;

Administer local anesthesia; and

Repair of episiotomy and perineal tears.

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