Okomfo Anokye (active late 17th century) have become an Ashanti fetish priest, statesman, and lawgiver. A cofounder of the Ashanti Kingdom in West Africa, he helped installation its constitution, laws, and customs.
The specific name of Okomfo Anokye became Kwame Frimpon Anokye (Okomfo means "priest"). Some traditions say that he came from Akwapim withinside the Akwamu Kingdom southeast of Ashanti, but his descendants claim he was born of an Ashanti mother and Adansi father and became related to the army chief Osei Tutu (the other cofounder of the Ashanti Kingdom) through a maternal uncle. When Osei Tutu succeeded about 1690 to the control of the small group of Akan wooded area states across the town of Kumasi that have been already grouped in loose army alliance, Anokye have become his adviser and chief priest. Tutu and Anokye, who have to be considered together, finished the expansionist insurance of their predecessors, defeating two effective enemies, the Akan Doma to the northwest and the Denkyera empire to the south. To throw off the Denkyera yoke required a powerful unity that transcended the particularism of the Ashanti segments, and Anokye employed not most effective the political impact of his priesthood but also brought the religious ties that transformed the unfastened Ashanti alliance into a "country wide" union in 1695.
Anokye and Tutu set up rituals and customs of the Ashanti kingdom to decrease the effect of local traditions. They unique Kumasi the Ashanti capital. They established a kingdom council of the chiefs of the preexisting states admitted to the union and suppressed all competing traditions of origin. Finally, they reorganized the Ashanti army.
The war with Denkyera from 1699 to 1701 went badly at first, however at the same time as the Denkyera army reached the gates of Kumasi, Anokye's "incantations" supposedly produced defections among their generals. The Ashanti broke the Denkyera hegemony and captured the Dutch deed of rent for Elmina Castle. This gave the Ashanti get right of entry to to the African coast and involved them henceforth withinside the exchange and politics of the coastal slave trade. After Tutu's death in 1717, Anokye is stated to have once more to Akwapim and died there.
Content created and supplied by: Ammerd2 (via Opera News )