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Ghana : Constitution and Politics

Ghana is a West African country on the Gulf of Guinea. Its neighbours are Côte d’Ivoire, to the west, Burkina Faso, which lies north, and Togo, to the east. Ghana is mainly flat, but there are hills in the northern part of the country. It has a central area of forest and sandy beaches along the coast. 

Key facts

  • Region: Africa
  • Population: 30 million (2018) 
  • Area: 238,500 square kilometres 
  • Capital: Accra 
  • Joined Commonwealth: 1957, following independence from Britain 
  • Commonwealth Youth Index: 29 out of 49 countries 

Secretariat support for Ghana

Countering violent extremism 

The Secretariat supports Ghana to build skills and policies to tackle extremist views

Elections support 

The Secretariat worked with the Ghanaian National Peace Council to build skills to encourage violence-free elections. 


The Secretariat supports the Ghana government to fight corruption by publicising bids and contracts when it buys goods and services

Natural resources 

The Secretariat helped Ghana to engage with the International Seabed Authority (ISA) more successfully. It supported the country to learn about legal responsibilities, ISA regulations and the ISA payment regime. 

In December 2018, the Secretariat helped Ghana learn about managing income/taxation and risk in its petroleum sector. 

Blue Charter

Ghana is a member of the Commonwealth Clean Ocean Alliance and Marine Protected Areas Action Groups.

Connectivity Agenda

Ghana is a member of the Physical and Digital Connectivity cluster of the Commonwealth Connectivity Agenda. The Connectivity Agenda is a platform for countries to exchange best practices and experiences to trade and investment and undertake domestic reform.

Ghana in the Commonwealth 

In 2000, Ghanaian Kofi Annan, former Secretary-General of the United Nations, delivered the 3rd Annual Commonwealth Lecture, on ‘Africa Wants to Trade its Way out of Poverty’. 

Four Ghanaians have been regional winners in the Commonwealth Writers’ Prize: Ama Ata Aidoo (1992), Lawrence Darmani (1992), Lucy Safo (1994) and Benjamin Kwakye (1999 and 2006). 

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Burkina Faso Ghana Ghanaian Gulf of Guinea Secretariat


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