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The Blind History of our late President John Jerry Rawlings that you don't know

Jerry Rawlings John used to be born on 22 June 1947 in Accra, Ghana, to Victoria Agbotui, an Anlo Ewe from Dzelukope, Keta, and James Ramsey John, a chemist from Castle Douglas in Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. Rawlings attended Achimota School and a army academy at Teshie.Rawlings was once married to Nana Konadu Agyeman, whom he met whilst at Achimota College. They had three daughters: Zanetor Rawlings, Yaa Asantewaa Rawlings, Amina Rawlings; and one son, Kimathi Rawlings.

Jerry John Rawlings (22 June 1947 – 12 November 2020)was once a Ghanaian President, a navy officer and baby-kisser who led the us of a from 1981 to 2001 and additionally for a quick length in 1979. He led a navy junta till 1992, and then served two phrases as the democratically elected President of Ghana. 

Rawlings got here to strength in Ghana as a flight lieutenant of the Ghana Air Force following a coup d'état in 1979. Prior to that, he led an unsuccessful coup strive in opposition to the ruling army authorities on 15 May 1979, simply 5 weeks earlier than scheduled democratic elections had been due to take place. After handing electricity over to a civilian government, he took lower back manipulate of the united states on 31 December 1981 as the chairman of the Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC).

In 1992, Rawlings resigned from the military, situated the National Democratic Congress (NDC), and grew to become the first President of the Fourth Republic. He used to be re-elected in 1996 for 4 greater years. After two phrases in office, the restrict in accordance to the Ghanaian Constitution, Rawlings recommended his vice-president John Atta Mills as a presidential candidate in 2000. Rawlings served as the African Union envoy to Somalia.He died in November 2020, at age seventy three and was once accorded a nation funeral. 

Rawlings installed the National Commission on Democracy (NCD) rapidly after the 1982 coup, and employed it to survey civilian opinion and make pointers that would facilitate the method of democratic transition. In March 1991, the NCD launched a document recommending the election of an government president, the institution of a country wide assembly, and the advent of the put up of top minister. The PNDC used NCD suggestions to set up a committee for the drafting of a new charter based totally on previous Ghanaian Constitutions, that lifted the ban on political events in May 1992 after it used to be accepted through referendum.

On three November 1992, election outcomes compiled via the INEC from 200 constituencies confirmed that Rawlings' NDC had received 60% of the votes, and had bought the majority wanted to stop a 2nd spherical of voting.More specifically, the NDC received 62% in the Brong-Ahafo region, 93% in the Volta region, and majority votes in Upper West, Upper East, Western, Northern, Central, and Greater Accra regions. His opponents Professor Adu Boahen gained 31% of the votes, former President Hilla Limann received 6.8%, Kwabena Darko gained 2.9%, and Emmanuel Erskine gained 1.7%. Voter turnout used to be 50%.

The potential of opposition events to compete used to be restricted with the aid of the tremendous benefits Rawlings possessed. Rawlings' victory used to be aided via the more than a few celebration buildings that had been built-in into society all through his rule, known as the "organs of the revolution".These buildings covered the Committees for the Defence of the Revolution (CDRs), Commando Units, 31 December Women's Organization, the four June movement, Peoples Militias, and Mobisquads, and operated on a device of famous manipulate thru intimidation.Rawlings held a monopoly over countrywide media, and used to be capable to censor print and digital media thru a PNDC newspaper licensing decree, PNDC Law 221.Moreover, Rawlings imposed a 20,000 cedis (about $400) cap on marketing campaign contributions, which made country wide publicity of opposition events without a doubt impossible. Rawlings himself commenced campaigning earlier than the reliable unbanning of political events and had get right of entry to to country sources and used to be in a position to successfully meet all financial needs required of a profitable campaign. Rawlings travelled throughout the country, initiating public-works initiatives and giving public personnel a 60% pay upward push prior to election day.

1992 Election

Opposition events objected to the election results, citing incidences of vote stuffing in areas the place Rawlings used to be in all likelihood to lose and rural areas with scant populations, as nicely as a bloated voters' register and a partisan electoral commission.[20][26] However, the Commonwealth Observer Group, led by using Sir Ellis Clarke, accepted of the election as "free and fair", as there have been very few troubles at polling stations and no predominant incidences of voter coercion. In contrast, the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) issued a document helping claims that inaccurate entries in voter registration may want to have affected election results. The Carter Center did renowned minor electoral problems however did now not see these issues as indicative of systematic electoral fraud.

Opposition events boycotted subsequent Ghana parliamentary and presidential elections, and the unicameral National Assembly, of which NDC officers gained 189 of 200 seats and actually set up a one-party parliament that lacked legitimacy and solely had restricted legislative powers.After the disputed election, the PNDC used to be modified into the National Democratic Congress (NDC).

Rawlings took office on 7 January 1993, the equal day that the new charter got here into effect, and the authorities grew to become regarded as the Fourth Republic of Ghana.

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Amina Rawlings Ghana Jerry Rawlings John Yaa Asantewaa Rawlings Zanetor Rawlings


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