Yaa Asantewaa was brought into the world 17 October 1840 – 17 October 1921 was the sovereign mother of Ejisu in the Ashanti Empire – presently a piece of cutting edge Ghana, named by her sibling Nana Akwasi Afrane Opese, the Edwesuhene/leader of Edwesu.
Brought into the world in 1840 in Besease by Kwaku Ampoma and Ata Po in southern Ghana, Yaa Asantewaa was the more seasoned of two youngsters. Her sibling, Afrane Panin, turned into the head of Edweso, a close by local area.
After an adolescence without occurrence, she developed yields on the land around Boankra. She entered a polygamous marriage with a man from Kumasi, with whom she had a little girl.
She passed on in 1921. She was a fruitful rancher and mother. She was a savvy person, a legislator, common liberty dissident, Queen and a pioneer. Yaa Asantewaa got acclaimed for driving the Ashanti disobedience to British imperialism to safeguard the Golden stool.
During her sibling's rule, Yaa Asantewaa saw the Ashanti Confederacy experience a progression of occasions that undermined its future, including common battle from 1883 to 1888. At the point when her sibling kicked the bucket in 1894, Yaa Asantewaa utilized her privilege as Queen Mother to choose her own grandson as Ejisuhene.
At the point when the British ousted him to the Seychelles in 1896, alongside the King of Asante Prempeh I and different individuals from the Asante government, Yaa Asantewaa got official of the Ejisu–Juaben area.
After the removal of Prempeh I, the British lead representative general of the Gold Coast, Frederick Hodgson, requested the Golden Stool, the image of the Asante nation.This demand prompted a mysterious gathering of the leftover individuals from the Asante government at Kumasi, to talk about how to get the arrival of their ruler.
There was a contradiction among those present on the best way to approach this. Yaa Asantewaa, who was available at this gathering, stood and tended to the individuals from the chamber with these now-celebrated words:
''Presently I have seen that some of you dread to go ahead to battle for our King. On the off chance that it were in the daring long stretches of Osei Tutu, Okomfo Anokye, and Opoku Ware, pioneers would not plunk down to see their King removed without shooting a shot. No white man might have set out to address a head of the Ashanti in the manner the Governor addressed you toward the beginning of today.
Is it genuine that the boldness of the Ashanti is no more? I can barely handle it. It can't be! I should say this, in the event that you the men of Ashanti won't go ahead, we will. We the ladies will. I will call upon my kindred ladies. We will battle the white men. We will battle till the remainder of us falls in the war zones."
Yaa Asantewaa was picked by various local Asante rulers to be the war-head of the Asante battling power. This is the solitary model for a lady to be given that part in Asante history. The Ashanti-British "Battle of the Golden Stool" was driven by Queen Mother Nana Yaa Asantewaa with a multitude of 5,000.
Start of March 1900, the defiance laid attack to the fortress at Kumasi where the British had looked for shelter. The fortress actually stands today as the Kumasi Fort and Military Museum. Following a while, the Gold Coast lead representative ultimately sent a power of 1,400 to suppress the disobedience.
During the battling, Queen Yaa Asantewaa and fifteen of her nearest consultants were caught, and they, as well, were sent into outcast to the Seychelles. The disobedience addressed the last battle in the Anglo-Asante arrangement of wars that kept going all through the nineteenth century.
On January 1, 1902 the British completely held onto the land that the Asante armed force had been safeguarding from them for right around a century, and the Asante realm was made a protectorate of the British crown.
Yaa Asantewaa passed on in a state of banishment in the Seychelles on 17 October 1921. Three years after her demise, on 17 December 1924, Prempeh I and the other leftover individuals from the banished Asante court were permitted to get back to Asante.
Prempeh I ensured that the remaining parts of Yaa Asantewaa and the other banished Asantes were returned for a legitimate imperial burial.Yaa Asantewaa's fantasy for an Asante liberated from British guideline was acknowledged on March 6, 1957, when the Asante protectorate acquired freedom as a component of Ghana. Ghana was the primary African country in Sub-Saharan Africa to accomplish this accomplishment.
Asantewaa comprehended the consequences of British occupation. She is seen by Ghanaians today as a sovereign mother who practiced her political and social clout to help safeguard her realm. The job she played in impacting the Ashanti men to fight the British has all the earmarks of being an element of her matriarchal status. The experience of seeing a lady filling in as political and military top of a realm was unfamiliar to British pilgrim troops in nineteenth century Africa. Yaa Asantewaa's call upon the ladies of the Asante Empire depends on the political commitments of Akan ladies and their separate jobs in administrative and legal cycles. The progression of male stools among the Akan public was supplemented by female partners.
Inside the town, older folks who were tops of the matrilineages (mpanyimfo), established the town committee known as the ôdekuro. The ladies, known as the mpanyinfo, and alluded to as aberewa or ôbaa panyin, were liable for caring for ladies' undertakings.
For each "ôdekuro", an elderly woman went about as the party in question for the undertakings of the ladies of the town and filled in as an individual from the town board.
The top of a division, the king and the top of the self-ruling political local area, the Amanhene, had their female partners known as the ôhemaa: a female ruler who sat on their councils.The ôhemaa and ôhene were the entirety of the equivalent mogya, blood or limited matrilineage.
The tenant of the female stool in Kumasi express, the Asantehemaa, the unified Asante, since her male partner was ex-officio of the Asanthene, was an individual from the Kôtôkô Council, the Executive Committee or Cabinet of the Asanteman Nhyiamu, General Assembly of Asante rulers. Female stool inhabitants took part in the legal and administrative cycles, yet in addition really taking shape and undoing of war, and the dispersion of land.
She is deified in tune as follows: koo hin koo Yaa Asantewaa ee! Obaa basia Ogyina apremo ano ee! Waye be egyae Na Wabo mmode ("Yaa Asantewaa The one who battles before guns You have gotten incredible things done You have progressed admirably").
To feature the significance of empowering more female pioneers in Ghanaian culture, the Yaa Asantewaa Girls' Secondary School was set up at Kumasi in 1960 with assets from the Ghana Education Trust.
In the year 2000 per week-long centennial festival was held in Ghana to recognize Yaa Asantewaa's achievements. As a component of these festivals, an exhibition hall was devoted to her at Kwaso in the Ejisu–Juaben District on 3 August 2000.
Lamentably, a fire on 23 July 2004 obliterated a few chronicled things, including her shoes and fight dress (batakarikese). The current Queen-mother of Ejisu is Yaa Asantewaa II. A second Yaa Asantewaa celebration was held 1–5 August 2006 in Ejisu.
Yaa Asantewaa will be remembering forever for her bravery.
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