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Do You Know The First Ethnic Group To Settle In Modern Day Ghana?

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The first tribe to have settled in modern Ghana were the Guans who entered Ghana after their migration from Mossi region of modern Burkina Faso around 1000 A.D.

The Guans settlement are found in almost every part of Ghana and they include, the Gonjas, the Nkonyas, Anums, Lartehs, Nawures and the Ntsumburus. They chalked about 3.7% of the Ghanaian population in reference to the 2010 population census conducted.

The Guans are found in almost all the 16 regions in Ghana as most their languages spoken are distinct from the ones considered to be the major spoken languages in Ghana with the exception of Gonja.

Guans in the Eastern region of Ghana include the Anum, Boso, Larteh, Okere, and Kyerepong whilst those in the Volta Region include Buem, Nkonya, Likpe, Amedzofe, Vane and In the central region, we have the Efutu, Awutu and Senya, and Bawjiase areas where as the Gonja people are in the north and part of Brong Ahafo, Bono, and Ahafo.

The Nature of how the Guans live in parts of North and Parts of Oti Region, they mostly live at the Eastern end of Salaga district and on the west bank of the Volta Lake/Oti River about some 70 kilometers north of Kete Krachi.

They being the number ethnic group to settle in Ghana were introduced into the cultures of the main tribes in the various regions in Ghana today. Thus, some indigenes of Kpeshie in Greater Accra and Nzema, Sefwi, Ahanta, etc.

In the Western and Western Noth region may also trace their origin from the Guans. The natives of most of the Fantes in the central region including Asebu, Edna, Aguafo, etc. as well as Agona can also trace their roots from the Guans ethnic group.

As at now, it is widely known that, the Guan people of Ghana can be identified in thirteen (13) regions in Ghana: Oti, Northern, North East, Savannah, Bono, Ahafo, Central, Western North, Western, Eastern, Volta, and Brong Ahafo Regions.

They are known to be very calm, respectful and live as commoners in their various environments they found themselves in.

They speak the languages of the main tribes where they are found natively and speak their distinct languages at home with their families.

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Boso Ghana Ghanaian Larteh Okere


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