Ghana, formerly known as the Gold Coast stands just one step behind Mauritius who ranks 1st .This is according to a report by the Institute for Economics and Peace [IEP].
IEP is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit think tank who conducts research on peace achievable target for human development. According to the report, the West African state also ranks 38th most peaceful in the world with score of 1.715. While neighbours Nigeria ranks 146 most peaceful in the world with a score of 2.712.
According to IEP, they rank peace in these countries based the following:
Political stability, violent demonstrations, violent crime, weapons imports, internal conflict, neighbouring country relations among others. This ranking comes on the backdrop of recent increase in crime, daylight robberies ritual murders among others. Security experts in the country currently fight for these concerns, particularly on recent bullion van heist near a police
Why Ghana stands out for peace - Analysis
Ghana does well in the peace rankings because of the country's continuous show of political stability even when they sometimes disagree with each others different political views.
In December 2020 when Ghana held its general elections, disputes around the elections resulted in demonstrations and tensions. But that did not force Ghanaians to haywire on issues.
But political parties instead of using violent demonstrations sent the election dispute to the Supreme Court of Justice where the Supreme Court resolved the matter amicably.
This is one of the key elements which make the country stand out in peace rankings.
Also, the country has not got major internal challenges like conflicts, terrorism and violent demonstrations which which create insecurity in the country.
The 2021 Global Index report rank 163 independent states and territories based on their level of peace, stability and tranquility.
Covid-19 impact on peace
According to the report, Covid-19 pandemic which caused serious economic havoc also has "significant impact on levels of conflict and violence".
Per the report, civil unrest go up in 2020 largely on things like coronavirus restrictions and others.
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