Ghana formerly known as the Gold Coast had many natural resources categorized into two as minerals and forest resources. The mineral resources are gold and ivory, bauxite, diamond, and manganese, which enticed the Europeans.
There are also food and cash crops. Many controversies arose among the European countries as to who should take charge of the Gold Coast due to its rich natural resources. In 1874, the British took control over parts of Gold coast although the Portuguese were the first to settle at Elmina in the Gold Coast in 1482.
The United Gold Coast convention pioneered the call for independence within the shortest possible time after the Gold Coast legislative election in 1947. Osagyefo Dr Kwame Nkrumah was elected the leader of the Gold Coast government in 1952 after he won the Gold Coast legislative election in 1951. Led by the big six, the Gold Coast declared its independence from the British on 6 March 1957. The Gold Coast was named Ghana.
The first Prime Minister of Ghana; Kwame Nkrumah became the Head of Government from 1957 to 1960. On the 6 March 1957 Kwame Nkrumah declared to the people of Ghana about their freedom, he added that "the African People are capable of managing their affairs and Ghana our beloved country is free forever.
After the declaration that the Black man is capable of managing its affairs, Dr Kwame Nkrumah proved that indeed the black man was capable of managing its affairs.
Nkrumah held developed the country by building more infrastructure and construction of roads for his country.
The city of Tema was inspired by Kwame Nkrumah and was established to be the industrial hub of Ghana in 1962. To fulfil housing needs, the Tema Development Corporation, a state agency established by Nkrumah, was tasked among others to construct affordable homes for workers and residents alike. Tema, which was upgraded to city status some 40 years later, is famous for its address system, with each suburb assuming the name ‘community’ along with numbers to identify them by.
. Tema Harbor
Constructed on a site that was once a small fishing village called Torman, the Tema Harbour is the largest man-made harbour in Africa. The harbour, which also serves the needs of other countries such as Burkina Faso, Niger and Mali, handles over six million tonnes of cargo annually. Ghana has immensely benefited from the Tema Harbor and Osagyefo can be greatly credited with this success.
3. Tema Motorway
This has to be included as one of the greatest achievements chalked by Nkrumah infrastructure wise. After establishing the Tema Harbor and township, Osagyefo saw the need to transport goods to and from Tema in record time. Thus, the Tema Motorway was born. After over 50 years, it remains the nation’s only motorway, further entrenching the importance of its construction.
4. Akosombo Dam
Ghana’s first and largest energy-generating plant, the Akosombo Dam has been the nation’s bedrock in terms of sustaining the economy as well as powering homes. The Akosombo Dam, which was strategically built to cover Ghana’s energy demands for at least two decades, has sustained the nation right up to date. Other plants such as the Aboadze Thermal Plant and Bui Dam have been added but pale in comparison to the over 1000 megawatts of energy produced by the Akosombo Dam.
. Please Lodge
The first presidential retreat to be built in Ghana, Peduase Lodge was a glorious sight to behold during the Nkrumah era. It consisted of a four-storey building containing a library, swimming pool, theatre complex, a guard and staff complex. The Lodge was unfortunately left in a deplorable state some years later until renovations were completed on it in the early 2000s.
6. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
Osagyefo had an immense impact on Ghana’s educational sector. One of his major achievements was the establishment of the University of Science and Technology, as it was then known, in 1952. Osagyefo's vision was to nurture and transform talented young Africans into world-class experts in the science and technology world. Although he did not achieve many of his dreams, millions of alumni over the years have had their lives transformed by Ghana’s second university.
7. Adomi Bridge
The Adomi Bridge is one of his greatest achievements due to its strategic impact on the lives of Ghanaians, especially those from the Eastern Corridor. The bridge, which spans across the world’s largest man-made lake, Lake Volta, serves the purpose of connecting inhabitants to and from the Eastern Corridor and has arguably led to an economic boom in the surrounding areas.
Nkrumah is fondly remembered for the improved roads, schools, hospitals, factories, the Akosombo Dam, the Tema Harbour, Tema Motorway and economic stability, just to mention a few.
The tomato and mango canning plants established at Wenchi in the then Brong Ahafo Region are no more; the sugar factory at Asutuare; a cattle hide-leather-shoe complex in Bolgatanga and Ghana Airways are no more.
Here are 5 collapsed Nkrumah factories that could transform the economy.
Glass Manufacturing Corporation at Abosso
The Abosso Glass Factory, once a vibrant company manufacturing and supplying bottles for the beverage industry in Ghana and beyond, is now a white elephant.
Heavy equipment that was installed at the factory set up by Ghana's first President, Dr Kwame Nkrumah, some years ago is now at the mercy of the weather. The heavy equipment, the cost of which could run into several billions of cedis, is deteriorating at neck-breaking speed with nobody concerned.
The Abosso Glass Factory produces glasses, bottles, sprite, coke, Muscatello among others if revamped will create over 4000 direct and indirect jobs for the youth in the Municipality and its environs.
GIHOC Fibre Products Company
The GIHOC Fibre Products Company was set up in 1962 by Dr Nkrumah to manufacture sacks for the export of cocoa beans and other agricultural products such as maize.
It was also producing shopping bags and money sacks for the carriage of coins by the banks.
As the only company manufacturing such products, the factory was one of the best in the country until it started facing difficulties in the mid-1980s. It later shut down in 1991.
Tema Food Complex Corporation
Tema became the cradle of Ghana's industrial backbone sine independence in 1957. It was to become a beacon of hope for Ghana's drive towards industrialization.
The Tema Food Complex Corporation, which was Ghana's largest food processing plant and was turning out various brands of products couldn't manage itself well.
Tema Food Complex was sold and renamed.
Tema's new identity as the industrial hub of the country will in the long term remain under private sector control.
Akosombo Textiles Limited
Established in 1967, Akosombo Textiles Limited began the modern textile industry in Ghana.
Established as part of the Cha Textile Group of Companies, the ATL, with an initial workforce of around 500, employed 1,650 people at the peak of its operations in the 1980s.
In 2012, the Ghana Revenue Authority (GRA) however shut the factory down for owing taxes over about GH¢5,714,560.65 at the time.
Wenchi tomato factory
The tomato processing factory at Wenchi in the Brong Ahafo Region -- Agri Commercial Services Limited was shut down in 2007.
Between 2002 and 2007, the factory was re-opened, canning tomato paste with the brand name "Wenchi Fresh".
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