Ghana was formerly known as the Gold Coast. On 6 March 1957 Kwame Nkrumah declared the country's independence. On 1 July 1960, Ghana became a commonwealth republic with Nkrumah as the first President of the country.
The flag of Ghanaconsists of the colours red, gold, green, and the black star.
Ghana, nation of western Africa, arranged on the bank of the Gulf of Guinea. Albeit moderately little in zone and populace, Ghana is one of the main nations of Africa, halfway due to its impressive characteristic riches and part of the way since it was the principal dark African country south of the Sahara to accomplish autonomy from frontier rule.
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Cape Coast Castle, Ghana.
Juliet Highet/Black Star
banner of Ghana
Public song of praise of Ghana
Republic of Ghana
Type OF GOVERNMENT
unitary multiparty republic with one authoritative house (Parliament )
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President: Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo
Ghana cedi (GH¢)1
(2020 est.) 30,777,000
Populace PROJECTION 2030
Complete AREA (SQ MI)
Complete AREA (SQ KM)
Thickness: PERSONS PER SQ MI
Thickness: PERSONS PER SQ KM
Metropolitan RURAL POPULATION
Metropolitan: (2018) 56.1%
Rustic: (2018) 43.9%
Future AT BIRTH
Male: (2017) 64.5 years
Female: (2017) 69.6 years
Education: PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION AGE 15 AND OVER LITERATE
Male: (2015) 81.5%
Female: (2015) 71%
GNI (U.S.$ '000,000)
GNI PER CAPITA (U.S.$)
1The Ghana cedi (GH¢) supplanted the cedi (₡) on July 1, 2007, at a pace of 1 GH¢ = ₡10,000.
DID YOU KNOW?
69% of Ghana's territory is utilized for agrarian purposes.
Every resident of Ghana possesses a normal of 1.39 cell phones, more than the normal American resident.
As well as being known for its lavish timberlands, different creature life, and miles of sandy sea shores along a beautiful coast, Ghana is additionally celebrated for its rich history—its home potentially dating from 10,000 BCE—and as an entrancing storehouse of social legacy. The nation takes it name from the incredible middle age exchanging domain that was found northwest of the cutting edge state until its downfall in the thirteenth century. Direct ocean exchange with Europe, set up in the fifteenth century, muchly affected the zone's occupants, a large number of whom effectively exchanged with the Portuguese, Dutch, British, and different Europeans. Fortifications and strongholds, a large number of which actually dab the Ghanaian coast today, were built by Europeans to secure their exchange advantages. In spite of the fact that exchanging was initially fixated on the gold that was promptly accessible nearby (and from which the future British settlement the Gold Coast would take its name), the center moved to the rewarding slave exchange the seventeenth century. The zone later got known for developing cacao, the wellspring of cocoa beans. Presented there in the late nineteenth century, cacao keeps on giving a significant fare to Ghana.
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Church of Saint George (Bet Giyorgis), Lalibela, Ethiopia. UNESCO World Heritage site.
Cutting edge Ghana, which acquired its freedom on March 6, 1957, comprises basically of the previous Gold Coast. The settlement's drive for freedom was driven by patriot and Pan-African pioneer Kwame Nkrumah, who saw Ghana's power as being significant for the Ghanaian public as well as for the entirety of Africa, saying "Our autonomy is negligible except if it is connected up with the complete freedom of the African mainland." Indeed, in excess of 30 other African nations, prodded by Ghana's model, stuck to this same pattern and announced their own autonomy inside the following decade.
Nkrumah immediately laid the foundation for financial freedom inside the new nation too, setting out on numerous monetary improvement projects. Lamentably, many years of defilement, blunder, and military standard hindered development and accomplishment. By the 1990s, however, the nation's situation started giving indications of progress, and Ghana is currently held up to act as an illustration of effective monetary recuperation and political change in Africa.
Ghana's authoritative capital is the waterfront city of Accra. Initially established on the site of a few Ga settlements, Accra formed into a prosperous exchanging center; today it fills in as the business and instructive focus of the region. Kumasi, another unmistakable business place, is situated in the south-focal piece of the country. Known as the "Nursery City of West Africa," Kumasi is additionally the seat of the lord of the Asante public, the remnant of a realm (see Asante domain) that existed in the eighteenth and nineteenth hundreds of years.
Arranged on the shore of the Gulf of Guinea in western Africa, Ghana is lined toward the northwest and north by Burkina Faso, toward the east by Togo, toward the south by the Atlantic Ocean, and toward the west by Côte d'Ivoire.
Actual highlights of Ghana
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Help and waste
Help all through Ghana is by and large low, with heights not surpassing 3,000 feet (900 meters). The southwestern, northwestern, and outrageous northern pieces of the nation comprise of a took apart peneplain (a land surface worn out by disintegration to an almost level plain, later inspired and again cut by disintegration into slopes and valleys or into level uplands isolated by valleys); it is made of Precambrian rocks (around 540 million to 4 billion years of age). The vast majority of the rest of the nation comprises of Paleozoic stores (around 250 to 540 million years of age), which are thought to lay on more established rocks. The Paleozoic silt are made for the most part out of beds of shales (overlaid dregs comprising for the most part of particles of earth) and sandstones in which layers of limestone happen in places. They involve an enormous zone called the Voltaian Basin in the north-focal piece of the country where the rise infrequently surpasses 500 feet (150 meters). The bowl is overwhelmed by Lake Volta, a counterfeit lake that stretches out far into the focal piece of the country behind the Akosombo Dam and covers around 3,275 square miles (8,500 square km). Along the north and south, and somewhat along the west, the inspired edges of the bowl offer ascent to limit levels somewhere in the range of 1,000 and 2,000 feet (300 and 600 meters) high, lined by noteworthy scarps. The most exceptional are the Kwahu (Mampong) Scarp (see Kwahu Plateau) in the south and the Gambaga Scarp in the north.
Akosombo Dam, Ghana
Akosombo Dam on the Volta River in southeastern Ghana.
Encompassing the bowl on the entirety of its sides, besides in the east, is the analyzed Precambrian peneplain, which ascends to heights of 500 to 1,000 feet above ocean level and contains a few particular reaches as high as 2,000 feet.
Along the eastern edge of the Voltaian Basin, and reaching out from the Togo line to the ocean promptly west of Accra, is a limited zone of collapsed Precambrian rocks running upper east to southwest, shaping the Akwapim-Togo Ranges, which differ in height from 1,000 to 3,000 feet (300 to 900 meters). The most noteworthy focuses in Ghana are found there, including Mount Afadjato (2,903 feet [885 metres]), Mount Djebobo (2,874 feet [876 metres]), and Mount Torogbani (2,861 feet [872 metres]), all arranged east of the Volta River close to the Togo line. These reaches are essential for the Togo-Atakora Mountains, which expand toward the north into Togo and Benin.
The southeastern corner of the country, between the Akwapim-Togo Ranges and the ocean, comprises of the delicately moving Accra Plains, which are underlain by the absolute most seasoned Precambrian rocks known—for the most part gneisses (coarse-grained rocks in which groups containing granular minerals substitute with groups containing micaceous minerals); in places they transcend the surface to frame inselbergs (conspicuous steep-sided slopes left after disintegration). The solitary broad zones of youthful shakes not exactly around 136 million years of age are in the wide, tidal pond bordered delta of the Volta, around 50 miles (80 km) east of Accra, and in the extraordinary southwest of the country, along the Axim coast.
In the east the dominating rocks are under 65 million years of age, however there is a fix of Cretaceous silt (around 65 to 145 million years of age) close to the Ghana-Togo line. Toward the west of Axim, close to the Côte d'Ivoire wilderness, the stones date to the Cretaceous Period. The interceding beach front zone among eastern and western boundaries contains patches of Devonian dregs (around 360 to 415 million years of age). With the more established and more safe rocks of the Precambrian peneplain, these structure a low, pleasant coastline of sandy narrows and rough projections.
The waste framework is overwhelmed by the Volta River bowl, which incorporates Lake Volta and the Black Volta, White Volta, and Oti waterways. The majority of different waterways, like the Pra, the Ankobra, the Tano, and various more modest ones, stream straightforwardly south into the sea from the watershed shaped by the Kwahu Plateau, what isolates them from the Volta seepage framework. South of Kumasi, in the south-focal piece of the nation, is Ghana's just evident normal lake—Bosumtwi—lying in a shooting star sway hole and with no outlet to the ocean. Along the coast are various tidal ponds, the vast majority of them shaped at the mouths of little streams.
An engineered overpass over the Volta River close to Atimpoku, Ghana.
Over a significant part of the outside of Ghana, the stones are endured, and extraordinary spreads of laterite (red, drained, iron-bearing soil) and lesser spreads of bauxite and manganese are found on the level highest points of slopes and mountains. Albeit the developments of Earth's outside that created the essential geologic design of the nation have now for all intents and purposes stopped, occasional quakes happen, particularly close to Accra along the eastern foot of the Akwapim-Togo Ranges, where there is a significant separation point
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