The origin of the Catholic Church begins with Jesus and his teachings according to the Catholic tradition (circa 4 BC-30 AD), and the Catholic Church is a continuation of the early Christianity founded by the discipline of Jesus. The church considers its bishop to be the successor of the Apostle Jesus and the leader of the Church. The bishop of Rome (also known as the Pope) is the only successor of Saint Peter who served in Rome in the first century C.E. Jesus was elected as head of the church. At the end of the second century, bishops met at regional synods to solve doctrinal and political problems. The bishop of Rome began serving as an appellate court on third century issues that no other bishop could consider.
Despite persecution due to clashes with the pagan state religion, Christianity spread throughout the early Roman Empire. The problems of the early church were minimized with Emperor Constantine being converted to Christianity in 313. 1. In 380, Emperor Theodosius I became the state religion of the Roman Empire by imperial decree, which continued until the collapse of the western empire. and then until the fall of Constantinople with the Byzantine Empire. At that time, according to Eusebius, at the time of the seventh Ecumenical Council, five major thrones (jurisdiction in the Catholic Church) were being considered: Rome, Constantinople, Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandra, which was recognized as Pentarchy.
While Rome itself was destroyed and Constantinople was besieged in 850, the fighting in Toulouse defended Western Christianity. Already in the eleventh century, strained relations began to form in the split between the East and the West between the Greek-dominated Church in the East and the Latin Church in the West, partly because of disputes over papal authority. The fourth crusade and the pillaging of Constantinople by the rebel crusaders turned out to be the final offense. The church was involved in a process of reform and reform before and during the sixteenth century. Reformasi was seen as counter-reform in the 16th century. Although Catholicism experienced a decline in its power over the population of Europe due to the Protestant revival and also because of theological skepticism during and after the Enlightenment, Catholicism spread throughout the world in the following centuries. In the 1960s, four centuries ago, Vatican City II implemented the most important reforms of the Catholic tradition at the Council of Trent.
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