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Children in Islam…rights and Duties

farajisfromgod@gmail.com
By [email protected] | self meida writer
Published 15 days ago - 0 views

Children in Islam are the joy of life and sight of the sore eyes. Islam paid a special attention to children and the Islamic Sharia stated that children have rights and duties toward the parents. Children and impact of the environment on raising them!

A child got the first images of life enshrined in its mind from the environment of the parents. The Prophet (PBUH) said: "No child is born but has the Islamic Faith, but its parents turn it into a Jew or a Christian"[1]. The parents have the greatest influence on children's religion and morals. Therefore, children's interests and the future of the nation depend on children's righteousness. Accordingly, children's rights begin as early as before their birth; choosing a good mother and good father, as we have illustrated.

· Children's pre-birth rights

· Protection from the Satan

· If both parties succeeded in choosing each other, the child has a right: to be protected from the Satan and this happens when putting the father's sperm into the mother's womb. The Prophet (PBUH) told Muslims about a prayer they should perform during sexual intercourse, which protects the fetus from the Satan. Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that the Prophet said: "If anyone of you intends to go to his wife, says: in the name of Allah, O Allah protect us against Stan and keep away the Stan from that you have bestowed upon us, and if it is destined that they should have a child, then Satan will never be able to harm him."[2]

· Child's Right to Life

- The time it develops into a fetus inside its mother's womb, the child gets the right to life stated by Islam. Islam prohibits abortion. It is haram (forbidden by Islam) for a woman to drop her fetus before its delivery because it is a trust given to her by Allah. The fetus has a right to life and it is haram to harm or hurt it. The Islamic sharia sees the fetus as a human being that must not be killed as soon as it becomes four months old and when the soul is breathed into it. There is diyah (an obligatory blood money) that must be paid by anyone who kills a fetus. Almughira Ibn Shuba said: Allah's Apostle gave his verdict about two ladies of the Hudhail tribe who had fought each other and one of them had hit the other with a stone. The stone hit her abdomen and as she was pregnant, the blow killed the child in her womb. They both filed their case with the Prophet (PBUH) and he judged that the blood money for what was in her womb. The guardian of the lady who was fined said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall I be fined for a creature that has neither drunk nor eaten, neither spoke nor cried? A case like that should be nullified." On that the Prophet (PBUH) said, "This is one of the brothers of soothsayers.[3]"[4]. So, the Prophet (PBUH) judged the blood money for what was in her womb[5]. The relatives of the killer must pay the blood money.

· Additionally, the Islamic sharia permits pregnant women not to fast in the Muslims' holy fasting month of Ramadan for the sake of the fetus' health. Also, if a woman committed adultery and she became pregnant, the Islamic sharia permits those authorized to execute the punishment of adultery to put off the punishment execution until she delivers what is there in her womb and completes the newborn's suckling.

· Children's Post-Birth Rights

· Portending Good When They Are Born

· After delivery, Islam put provisions related to their delivery, such as portending good for their birth, like the case mentioned in the Quran about the delivery of Allah's Apostle Yahya Ibn Zakariya, may Allah be pleased with the two of them, Allah exalted He is says: {While he was standing in prayer in the chamber, the angels called unto him: "(Allah) doth give thee glad tidings of Yahya, witnessing the truth of a Word from Allah, and (be besides) noble, chaste, and a prophet,- of the (goodly) company of the righteous} [The Family Of 'Imran: 39] and people shall portend good and show happiness for the delivery of both male and female children, without any discrimination.

· Calling Azan and Iqama in Its Ears

· Among children's post-delivery rights is calling the azan (Islamic call to prayer) in a newborn's right ear and the iqama (a second call to inform people that prayer starts) in its left ear. Calling azan in the right ear of a newborn is desirable for the hadith of Abu Rafie, who said: "I saw the Prophet (PBUH) calling azan in the ear of al-Hassan ibn Ali (may Allah forgive him) when Fatima (may Allah forgive her) gave birth to him."[6]

· Tahneek (Putting Chewed Date in a Newborn's Mouth)

· Another post-delivery right of children is putting well-chewed date in the mouth of a newborn[7], a practice was done by the Prophet. Abu Musa[8], may Allah forgive him, said: "I had a son and I brought him to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he named him Ibrahim. He chewed up a date and gave it to him and made supplication for him to be blessed and then gave him back to me."[9]

· Shaving Newborn's Head Hair and Its Weight in Silver is Given as a Charity

· One of a newborn's rights is shaving his hair and giving the weight of that shaved hair as a charity in silver. This implies healthy and social benefits. Among the healthy benefits: Opening the pores of the newborn's head and protecting him from anything unhealthy. Perhaps this helps remove the weak hair in order for stronger one to grow. The social benefit comes from giving the weight of the shaved hair as a charity. This is a practical application of the concept of social solidarity among members of the society and this makes the poor happy. Mohamed Ibn Ali Ibn al Hussein reported: "Fatimah, the daughter of Allah's Apostle, peace be upon him, weighed the shaved hairs of al Hassan and Hussein and paid silver equal to the weight of the hairs as charity"[10].

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