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The names of God in the Jewish according to the Old Testament (EL - ELYON) GOD


EL-ELYON ĕl’ ĕl yōn’ (אֵ֥ל עֶלְיֹֽון, Most High God). A name of God used in a number of OT books but esp. in Genesis and the Psalms.

When Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek (Gen 14:17-22) this is the name by which the priest worshiped God (cf. Heb 7:1ff.). This priest, “resembling the Son of God,” said to Abraham,

“Blessed be Abram by God Most High,

maker of heaven and earth;

And blessed be God Most High,

who has delivered your enemies into your hand!”

The name occurs exactly in this form again in Psalm 78:35 but there are Psalms with variations of the name. For example, Psalms 7:17 and 47:2 say the Lord (Yahweh) Most High, while Psalms 57:2 and 78:56 use God (Elohim) Most High. Frequently, Elyon (the Highest) is used by itself as a name for God (Num 24:16; Deut 32:8; 2 Sam 22:14; Pss 9:2; 18:13; 21:7; 46:4; 50:14; 73:11; 83:18; 87:5; 91:1, 9; 92:1; 107:11; Isa 14:14; Lam 3:35, 38). The sons of Elyon (Ps 82:6) are either rulers of this earth (cf. Gen 6:2) or they are the angel-princes of the heavenly sphere.



The fourth name we want to consider is El-Elyon. This is the first of the four compound names that begin with El. This name appears 25 times in our English Bible as “the most high.”  

The Meaning of El-Elyon 

The Hebrew word El-Elyon, refers to the strongest strong one. El means strength and power, and Elyon means strongest. The best way to determine the meaning of God’s compound names is to go to the place it first appears.  

El-Elyon the Strongest Strong One 

The first occurrence of El-Elyon is in Genesis 14:18-22. In this passage of five verses the name El-Elyon appears four times as the “most high God.” We learn in this passage that the Most High God had a priest/king in Salem (the ancient name for Jerusalem) whose name was Melchizedek, and that this Most High God is “the possessor of heaven and earth.” The Most High God can deliver our enemies into our hands and deserves a tenth of all we possess. In Genesis 14:22 “Abram said to the King of Sodom, I have lifted up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth.” Abraham did not need the spoil of material goods that he retrieved from Sodom when rescuing Lot. Abram knew that the King of Sodom could later boast that he had made Abram rich, but Abram only wanted God to get the credit for making him rich and giving him the victory in the rescue. In Genesis 15:1 the LORD assured Abram that He was Abram’s “shield and thy exceeding great reward.” The most high God was assuring Abram that he should not fear the loss of the spoil or the lack of a seed.  

We can learn some practical lessons for today by what the most high God taught Abraham. First, we should only desire what comes from the hand of God. He provides our needs as we walk by faith. Secondly, we should not look for our needs or wants to come by our own whit, manipulation, or promises from the world in return for our compromise with God. Thirdly, and most importantly, only our Jehovah God is the Most High, Who possesses all; therefore, He can meet all material and spiritual needs. He wants believers to wait upon Him and trust Him for the timing of those needs or wants to be met. In Isaiah 14:13-14 Satan expressed his ambition to become like the most high God, but rest assured neither he nor anyone else will be like the Most High God (Ps. 91:9-12; 47:2-4). There is no sovereign higher than Jehovah for He subdues all men and nations under His authority. Therefore He can bring deliverance to those who put their trust in Him, for He alone is the Most High God.  

Dear reader, you can be assured that if you call on the name of the LORD Jesus Christ and trust Him alone, you will be delivered or saved from your sin and its penalty, because Jesus is the Lord Jehovah who is the Most High over all the 

heavens and the earth. If you have already called on Him for salvation, then you can be assured that He can meet all your physical and spiritual needs. He is our exceeding great reward, so fear not. In Daniel 4:34 the greatest of all earthly kings recognized that Jehovah was the Most High God over all. This is very important because Jehovah is the Most High God and Jesus is Jehovah, therefore, Jesus is the Most High God. Trust Him today.  

Content created and supplied by: JacobMiracle (via Opera News )

Abraham Abram Genesis Jewish Old Testament


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