Adhaab al-Qabr (Punishment Of The Grave)
It (punishment of the grave) is proven from the Qur’an and Ahadith. Allah Ta’ala discusses the punishment given to Fir’awn. He says, ‘The fire is given to them in the morning and evening and on the Day of Judgment.’ The fire before the Day of Judgment refers to the punishment in the grave.
Rasulullah ﷺ said, ‘When a person is buried and the people go away, two angels approach the deceased and ask three questions, a) Who is your lord? b) What is your religion? and c) Who is this person (meaning Rasulullah ﷺ)? A believer will answer all three questions and he will be honored with the clothing of Jannah. The window of Jannah will be opened for him and he will enjoy the sight of Jannah. On the contrary, a disbeliever will not be able to answer, and will express regret at not being able to answer the questions. Upon that, an angel who is blind and deaf is appointed to punish him. Blind so that the angel does not see the punishment and feel mercy and deaf so that the punishment is not heard. The hammer used to punish a disbeliever is so heavy that it can reduce a mountain to dust. The disbeliever screams with pain and every creation can hear him besides human and Jinns.’ (Mishkat)
Rasulullah ﷺ said, ‘The grave is a garden of paradise or a pit of hell.’ (Ibid)
Rasulullah ﷺ said, ‘It has been revealed to me that the trial in the grave is similar to the trial of Dajjaal.’ (Tirmidhi)
Rasulullah ﷺ said, ‘If you are made to listen to the punishment in the grave, you will stop burying your deceased.’ (Tirmidhi)
Rasulullah ﷺ advised, ‘Seek protection from the punishment of the grave.’ (Ibid)
Messenger of Allaah ﷺ ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “I have never seen any scene but the grave is more frightening than it.”(at tirimizi)