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Control and Coordination of the Human Nervous System

Introduction

In multicellular organisms, following the general principles of body organization, some specialized tissues are used to provide the control and coordination activities.


Nervous System

Nervous system is specialized system that provide control and coordination in animals.


All information, coming from our environment is detected by the specialized tips of some nerve cells, which are usually located in sense organs.


The information, acquired at the end of the dendritic tip (shown in the image given below) of a nerve cell, sets off a chemical reaction that creates an electrical impulse.


Structure of Neuron


This (electrical) impulse, which travels from the dendrite tip to the cell body, and then along the axon to its end of the axon, sets off the release of some chemicals. These chemicals cross the gap, or synapse, and create a similar electrical impulse in a dendrite of the next neuron (see the image given below).


Neuromuscular Junction


Likewise, the nervous tissue is made up of an organized network of nerve cells or neurons, and is dedicated for carrying information via electrical impulses from one part of the body to another.


Reflex Actions

If the nerves that detect heat, cold, or any such kind of more sensational element move muscles in a simpler way; so, the process of detecting the signal or the input and responding to it by an output action, is known as reflex action and such connection is known as a reflex arc (see the image g

Content created and supplied by: Kwaku2006 (via Opera News )

Neuron

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