The Volta River was named by Portuguese gold traders in Gold Coast (Ghana). It was their farthest extent of exploration before returning. Volta is Portuguese word for "twist" or "turn"). River of return" or “river of the bend”, in reference to its curved course.
The river flows south into Ghana from highlands of Burkina Faso. The main parts of the river are the Black Volta, the White Volta, and the Red Volta. In the northwest, the Black Volta forms the international borders between the Ivory Coast, Ghana, and Burkina Faso. The Volta flows southward along Akwapim-Togoland highlands, and it empties into the Atlantic Ocean at the Gulf of Guinea at Ada Foah. It has a smaller tributary river, the Oti, which enters Ghana from Togo in the east.
The Volta River has a dam at Akosombo for the purpose of generating hydroelectricity. The reservoir named Lake Volta stretches from Akosombo Dam in the south to the northern part of the country, and is the largest man-made reservoir by area in the world.
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