Today we are going to look at some global poverty which is making life difficult to many people. Living on less than $2 a day feels like an impossible scenario, but is a reality for around 780 million people in our world today. Approximately 9% of the global population lives in extreme poverty, commonly defined as surviving on only $1.90 a day, or less.
Below are the 4 main causes of global poverty.
1. Conflict, is one of the most common forms of risk driving poverty today, large-scale, protracted violence that we've seen in areas like Syria can grind society to a halt, destroying infrastructure and causing people to flee . In it tenth year of conflict, Syria middle class has been all but destroyed, and over 80% of the population now lives below the poverty line.
2. Hunger, Malnutrition and Stunting, you might think that poverty causes hunger, but hunger is also a cause - and maintainer - of poverty. If a person doesn't get enough food, they will lack the strength and energy needed to work. The first 1000 days of a child's life are the key to ensuring their future health and likehood of staying out of poverty. If a mother is malnourished during pregnancy, that can be passed on to her children, leading to wasting or stunting.
3.Inequality and Marginalization, "inequality" is an easy, but sometimes misleading terms used to describe the systemic barriers leaving groups of people without a voice or representation within their communities. For a population to escape poverty, all groups must be involved in the decision making process - especially when it comes to having a say in the things that determine your place in the society. Some of these may be obvious, but in other situations, it can be subtle.
4. Little or no access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene, Currently, more than 2 billion people don't have access to clean water at home. This means that people collectively spend some 200 million hours every day walking long distances to fetch water. That's precious time that could be used working, or getting an education to help secure a job later in life.
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