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How to address the Fire Outbreaks In Ghana

Fire incidents have become a regular occurrence in Ghana. There are numerous reports of fire outbreaks in different parts of the country almost every day. Just yesterday, there was a report of fire outbreak at Techiman Central Market. This situation brings about loss of lives and properties and causes fear and panic among the people.

Fire outbreaks are caused by many factors. some of these factors are beyond our control, but others can be blamed on us. In order to identify and prevent the occurrence and spread of fire, one must have a good knowledge of fire, its characteristics and behaviour.

Fire has been a good servant to humans since time immemorial. Its uses include; cooking, generating heat and light, smelting, forging, incineration of waste and clearing of agricultural lands.

Fuel, oxygen and heat are the main factors responsible for fire. When these three factors are available in their right proportions, there is a high chance of fire. These three form the Fire Triangle.

Fires in our homes are caused in a variety of ways. Some causes of fires in our homes are electrical and cooking equipment, curious children, flammable liquids and smoking.

Fire outbreaks and disasters are preventable. Putting the right safety measures in place will help save the country and its people from from the effects of fire. Some measures are:

1. We must install smoke alarms and heat detectors in our homes and workplaces. This will provide early detection of a fire and ensure that early actions are taken.

2. Install fire extinguishers at accessible locations. These extinguishers should be inspected regularly to make sure that they are in good conditions at all times.

3. Have a Safety Plan. Decide on a fire escape plan and ensure that it is practiced regularly. Plan at least two escape routes or exits from each room or confined areas. Establish an Assembly Point at home and at the workplace.

4. Turn off all electrical gadgets before you leave the house.

5. Never leave cooking food unattended. Check your food regularly while cooking and remain in the home while cooking. Use a timer in order to be reminded that the stove or oven is on. Avoid overheating cooking oil since it can ignite and create a large flame. Keep a fire blanket on a wall in the kitchen and avoid wearing loose clothing or dangling sleeves while cooking.


We must try our very best to prevent fire outbreaks since its effects are devastating.

Thank you!

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Ghana Techiman Central Market

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