The conduct of a census is a huge and complex undertaking that requires strategic partnerships to be implemented successful. Ghana Statistical Service (GSS), the lead implementing agency for the census is embarking on a nationwide exercise to interact with sensitise stakeholders all over the country and sensitise them as part of preparations towards the census.
2021 Census Night.
The Ghana Statistical Service will be counting travelers, people who sleep on the streets , and guesthouse/hotel guests including prostitutes as it starts the 2021 Census on Sunday night. The Government Statistician, Professor Samuel Kobina Annim, stated that this is necessary to capture all persons resident in Ghana in the Census. This strategy will also enable the Statistical Service cover all categories of persons in the upcoming census. He indicated that personnel of the Statistical Service would be stationed at bus stations across the country to count travelers embarking on long journeys. The actual work of data gathering will start a day after the census night, the night used as a reference day. So the census will capture the situation of the country in terms of housing and people in the country, using that night as the reference.
“This means that if someone arrived in the country a day after the census night, he or she will not be captured, if someone also dies just days after the census night, he will be captured. Even if we use two weeks to gather all the data, what the census is supposed to give you is a reflection of the situation as of the census night,” he explained.
The enumeration exercise will continue from June 28 and end on July 11, 2021.
The 2021 Population and Housing Census will provide important information to support the evidence-based implementation of the national development agenda and support the tracking of achievements of the Sustainable Development Goals and Agenda 2063 of the African Union.
During enumeration, a census official (enumerator) will visit each household and ask some questions (collect some information) from the head of household or any other adult in the household.
The enumerator will present their ID card on arrival. The interview to collect information must be conducted in the language that the respondent (household member) can understand.
It is important that everyone takes note of the Census Night and where one spent that night to answer the questions correctly.
All heads of households should also make note of all the persons that slept in their households on the Census Night, both usual members of the household and any visitors.
Enumerators will visit all households or institutions and collect detailed information on the persons that slept there on Census Night.
It is important that all household heads are able to answer these questions on behalf of others in their absence.
The information to be collected covers the following:
1. Travel history of household members who have migrated abroad
2. Socio-demographic characteristics (age, sex, education, ethnicity, religion etc.)
3. Literacy and education
4. Economic activity (employment status, job description, occupation, industry)
5. Difficulties in performing daily living activities (seeing, hearing, walking etc.)
6. Ownership and usage of ICT devices
7. Children born to women 12 years or over
8. Deaths of household members within the past 12 months
9. Housing conditions (construction materials of structure; water supply; asset ownership)
10. Sanitation (disposal of solid and liquid waste)
11. Source of water, lighting and cooking fuel.
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