Land Pollution means degradation or destruction of the Earth’s surface and soil, directly or indirectly as a result of human activities. Anthropogenic activities are conducted citing development, and the same affects the land drastically, we witness land pollution; by drastic we are referring to any activity that lessens the quality and/or productivity of the land as an ideal place for agriculture, forestation, construction etc. The degradation of land that could be used constructively, in other words, is land pollution. Land Pollution has led to a series of issues that we have come to realize in recent times, after decades of neglect. The increasing numbers of barren land plots and the decreasing numbers of forest cover are increasing at and alarming ratio. Moreover, the extension of cities and towns due to the increasing population is leading to further exploitation of the land. Landfills and reclamations are being planned and executed to meet the increased demand for lands. This leads to further deterioration of land and pollution caused by the landfill contents. Also due to the lack of green cover, the land gets affected in several ways like soil erosion occurs washing away the fertile portions of the land or even a landslide can be seen as an example.
Causes of land pollution
Deforestation and soil erosion
Deforestation carried out to create dry lands is one of the major concerns. Land that is once converted into dry or barren land, can never be made fertile again, whatever the magnitude of measures to redeem it is. Land conversion, meaning the alteration or modification of the original properties of the land to make it use-worthy for a specific purpose is another major cause. This hampers the land immensely. Also there is a constant waste of land. Unused available land over the years barren; this land then cannot be used. So in search of more land, potent land hunted and its indigenous state is compromised with.
During extraction and mining activities, several land spaces are created beneath the surface. We constantly hear about land caving in; this is nothing but nature’s way of filling the spaces left out after mining or extraction activity.
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