Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves and other protective equipment such as hand wraps and mouthguards, throw punches at each other for a predetermined amount of time in a boxing ring.Amateur boxing is both an Olympic and Commonwealth Games sport and is a standard fixture in most international games.It also has its own World Championships. Boxing is overseen by a referee over a series of one-to-three-minute intervals called rounds.
The earliest known depiction of boxing comes from a Sumerian relief in Iraq from the 3rd millennium BC.A relief sculpture from Egyptian Thebes (1350 BC) shows both boxers and spectators.These early Middle-Eastern and Egyptian depictions showed contests where fighters were either bare-fisted or had a band supporting the wrist. The earliest evidence of fist fighting with the use of gloves can be found on Minoan Crete (1500–1400 BC).
Various types of boxing existed in ancient India. The earliest references to musti-yuddha come from classical Vedic epics such as the Ramayana and Rig Veda. The Mahabharata describes two combatants boxing with clenched fists and fighting with kicks, finger strikes, knee strikes and headbutts.Duels (niyuddham) were often fought to the death. During the period of the Western Satraps, the ruler Rudradaman—in addition to being well-versed in "the great sciences" which included Indian classical music, Sanskrit grammar, and logic—was said to be an excellent horseman, charioteer, elephant rider, swordsman and boxer.The Gurbilas Shemi, an 18th-century Sikh text, gives numerous references to musti-yuddha.
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