The country's technological development has taken a major setback as a direct result of cybercrime operations conducted using electronic devices like computers and mobile phones. The aforementioned disadvantages may overshadow the numerous advantages of contemporary life.
In light of the increasing frequency of cybercrime, for instance, new laws have been passed to regulate the use of computers and mobile devices. These rules are meant to reduce the impact of the problem.
Ghana has enacted a law called the Cybercrime Act to deal with the growing number of crimes that can be traced back to the use of computers and mobile devices. A number of human rights advocacy groups opposed the Act because they feared for their ability to express themselves freely.
Here are two scenarios in which simply being in possession of a cell phone could result in your being arrested.
1. False information publication spreads
This law, which also limits the freedom of telephone users, is a reinterpretation of Article 33 of the Constitution, which guarantees the right to freedom of expression.
It is illegal in Ghana to release information on a person or group that could do harm to their reputation or cause fear among the general public. The maximum penalty for such an offense is two years in prison or a fine of up to five million Rands.
The use of "publishing" social media sites like Twitter and Facebook illustrates this point.
For the purposes of this definition, any type of online communication that could reasonably be expected to threaten another person's physical or mental well-being qualifies as cyber bullying. The Cyber bullying Prevention Act provides this term.
A minimum of Ghc20 million or 10 years in prison should be imposed on those who upload or publish material that could cause another person to feel intimidated, apprehensive, or afraid.
Users of social networking sites, where the vast bulk of cyber bullying takes place, are also affected. More than 20% of Ghana women have experienced cyber bullying on some kind of social media, according to an online survey. This may involve communicating with someone or publishing anything that may have an effect on their psychological well-being.
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