Historic places in Ghana are very important places tourist should not miss. Majority of them tell stories of oppression, survival, and ingenuity. Ghana is one of the most progressive countries in West Africa. Located along the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Guinea, Ghana is recognized globally for its unique cultures. Ghana also played a major role during the trans-Atlantic slave trade era. The Ghanaian government has done a good in preserving some of these historic monuments. Ghana has a lot of historic sites that bring up some strong emotions. Plan to visit the following historic sites when you visit Ghana
1. Jamestown Light House
Jamestown is one of the oldest districts in Accra. As early as the 17th century, Jamestown already had communities. By the end of the 19th century, it already had massive development. Jamestown remains very useful today as a great fishing harbour. The area has witnessed a great population growth over time. The most well known structure of Jamestown is the lighthouse. The original light house structure was the handiwork of the British as early as 1871. However, the present light house structure came to be in the 1930s. The Jamestown lighthouse has an imposing height of 28 meters. From the summit, you will get a great eye view of the Ussher Fort, the Bukom district, and the James Fort. Jamestown is today a popular tourist destination and one of the important historic sites to visit when in Ghana.
2. Cape Coast Castle
The Cape Coast Castle is a 15th-century building by the Swedes to facilitate gold and timber trade. However, it was later used as a holding facility for slave trading before they were finally shipped to America. The British Public Works Department began restoration work of the castle in the 1920s. After Ghana’s independence in 1957, the Ghana Museums and Monuments Board took over the care of the building. The building now serves as a museum and house slaves related artifacts and documents.
3. Salaga Slave Market
The Salaga market was an important trading route linking the northern and southern Sahel. Its location in the East Gonja district is a strategic location making it an important trading route for agricultural products. However, in the trans-Atlantic slave trade era, it also served as a route for moving slaves to the coast for onward exportation. Series of events led to civil war in 1892. Consequently, this led to the destruction of the population of this area. To reach the Salaga slave market, you will need a ferry through Yeji if coming from Kumasi. This difficult terrain is the reason why the Salaga slave market is one of the historic sites in Ghana with the least visitors but a must see place to visit when you are in Ghana.
4. Lake Bosomtwe
Lake Bosomtwe is a sacred lake according to the people of Ashanti. The Ashanti's believe the souls of the dead converge here to bid their farewell to the goddess Asase Yaa, gods of the land. This lake is over 1.07 million years old. Lake Bosomtwe is the only natural lake in Ghana till date.
5. Holy Trinity Cathedral
The British Government funded the Holy Trinity Cathedral. The Cathedral is part of the Anglican Diocese of Accra. This ancient building was completed in 1894 but was made a cathedral in 1909. The most remarkable feature of this structure is the rectangular bell tower. The church is not only a place of worship but also one of the historic sites in Ghana that tourists always yearn to visit.
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